C.F.N.E's mission is: to "promote the preservation of First Nations Cultures and Heritage" here in our region.



The Roebuck Village Site

The Roebuck Village Site has been known at least since 1845. It is a pre-historic, palisaded village of Iroquois culture and located in grenville County, Ontario. An extensive exploration was made of the village in 1912 and 1915. there are 6 other village sites in the Grenville County of the same culture as the Roebuck village and 5 in edwardsburg, the Twp. Adjoining agusta to the east They are equally as extensive and as rich in aboriginal remains as the Roebuck site. Other villages were found some distance above and below Grenville County of the same culture including Glengarry, stormont, Hasting and Eardley twp. 30 North of Ottawa Hull twp. Mohawk, Oneida and Onondaga are listed as the cultures of these sites. (1914)

Explorations suggest that approx. 40 communal longhouses, averaging 100 feet in length stood in the village, pallisaded with a double stockade.

In 1535 cartier wrote "The village is similar to Hochalaga."

Francois Belleforest (1530-83) accounts Hochela "It's longhouses became wooden palaces and the village a city that rivalled Moscow in magnificence."

S. Champlain (c. 1570-1635) By 1608 all 14 villages on the Northshore with populations of about 1500 no longer remained and the language that was spoken in Cartiers' time was no longer heard 50 yrs later.

Jaques Noel, 1584, Cartiers' nephew at Montreal Island accounts 0 sitings of any Ameridian villages.

In 1854 Guest wrote "Inside the palisade it contained streets and lines of a village.

After contact with the Europeans this and many other villages disappeared. Some survivors were absorbed by the Hurons on the Trent River system.

Huron and Mohawk villages are known to have been surrounded by 2 or 4 rows of palisades. The width of the Roebuck palisades suggest it was a double palisade 5ft in width.

Cartier describes Hochelaga as follows " The village is completely enclosed by a palisade in 3 tiers, like a pyramid. The top one is built crosswise, the middleone perpendicular and the lowest one of strips of wood placed lengthwise. The whole is well joined and lashed after their manner."

The Roebuck village site: The post hole sites were verticle. There was only one gate and is suggested that it was facing the only approach to the village with swamps to the othersides, giving greater defence. Hochelaga had only one entrance as well.

Champlain wrote "The stockade of a Huron village Carhagouha was 35 ft high and that of the Iroquois village Tenotoge was 30 ft high. The palisade posts were interlaced with each other with an opening not more than half a foot between two

Both villages were attacked by Champlain in 1615.

The houses here were probably of the same type as those at Hochelaga, which Cartier describes as follows:

Cartier: There are some 50 houses in this village, each about 50 or more paces in length and 12 or 15 in width, built completely of wood and covered in and bordered up with large pieces of bark and rind of the trees, as broad as a table, which are well and cunningly lashed after their manner..
Resources:

Canada Dept. Mines, National museum of Canada, Bulletin No. 83, Antropological Series #19

Canada Dept. Mines, Victoria Memorial Museum, Bulletin No. 37, Antropological Series #8

Roebuck Prehistoric village site, Grenville county, Ontario, by W.J. Wintemburg 1972 edition